The capital of Finland – Helsinki – started to write its chronology in 1550. This coastal city, which total area is 1140 km, is situated on the peninsulas and 315 islands of the Baltic coastline. Because of such an unusual location, there are parks and open space on about 30% of the territory of Helsinki. Beautiful landscapes are harmoniously combined with the original neo-classical architecture.
Clean city in Finland - Helsinki
Business and cultural life is very active in this attractive European city. In spite of the great number of ships at the port and the majority of important enterprises and companies of the country, there is rather pure and fresh sea-flavored air in Helsinki. And in general the city is considered to be relatively unpolluted.
Sights in the capital of Finland – Helsinki
Tourists will have many opportunities for interesting and useful leisure in Helsinki, especially in summer. There are a lot of museums, theaters, parks and other places of interest in this city.
The busiest points in Helsinki are the market-place “Kauppatori” and covered market “Kauppahalli”.
You should visit the Finnish National Theatre and the Finnish National Opera. Presidential Palace, City Hall and Park “Espa” are opened for their visitors, too.
You’ll be able to know the features of Finnish art in the Amos Anderson’s Museum as well as in the Museum of applied art and industrial design.
You’ll have a nice time in the park “Linnanmiaki” in Helsinki. You’ll find there different entertainments for all tastes: a various attractions, pop esplanades, variety show “Peacock” as well as many shops and restaurants.
Don’t pass by the sea center “Sea Life” with 28 large aquariums. Both adults and children will learn a lot of curious facts about the life of sea inhabitants.
Winter Garden, the palace “Finland” and the favorite place for relaxation of the Russian imperial family - the country estate Haikko will open their doors for the guests.
Scientific Center “Eureka” will give an opportunity to adults and children to see different scientific and educational presentations and exhibitions.
Senate Square in Helsinki
The most visited place in Helsinki is the old city center. You’ll see the outstanding architectural complex of buildings in Empire style on the Senate Square there, which consists of the Cathedral, the State Council and the University. There is a monument to Russian Emperor Alexander II in the center of this square.
The fountain with a symbol of Helsinki - bronze sculpture “Haves Amanda” near the Senate Square attracts attention of tourists.
Zoo on the Korkeasaari Island in Helsinki
Don’t fail to attend one of the best in Europe zoo on the Korkeasaari Island. It is famous for its miniature mini-park of rainforest “Amazonia”, “Cat's Valley” and the recreated corner of the marshes in Finland – “Borealis House”.
You’ll also find the Sea Museum on this island.
House-museum “Ainola” in Helsinki
House-museum “Ainola” is worth visiting, too. Finnish composer Jan Sibeliys had lived there for over 50 years. This house was designed by Lars Sonck. The museum was named in honor of the composer’s wife Aino. It was noted for its vanguard design in its time.
The park in Helsinki was referred by Jan Sibeliys’s name, where there is a memorial to the composer. The Academy of Music was also named after him.
National Museum of Finland in Helsinki
The amateurs of sensible acquaintance with the country should visit the National Museum of Finland. The exhibit will tell you about the Finnish ethnogeny and the development of its culture from prehistoric times to our days. For your accommodation the expositions are divided into the thematic sections. You’ll see coins, medals, weapons in the “Treasury”. The archaeological department will introduce you some of the finds from the Stone Age. The collection of cultural heritage will offer you folk costumes, fabrics and furniture from different centuries.
Museum in the open air on the Seysaari Island in Helsinki
There is a Museum in the open air on the Seysaari Island, which was founded in 1909 in order to preserve the rural Finnish architecture. It’ll be interesting to look at the unique buildings of the 17-th century, pointed church and church boat. The Seysaari Island is connected to the land with the foot-bridge, where you can walk at any time of year. You’ll remember the ancient architecture of this island, the beautiful sights of ocean and the atmosphere of past centuries.
Sea fortress Suomenlinna in Helsinki
The group of Suomenlinna islands with the complex of sea fortress Suomenlinna (Sveaborg), the old base of the Baltic Fleet of Russian Empire, museums, parks and gardens are very popular among the tourists and natives. The Fortress Suomenlinna is one of the memorials of the UNESCO world heritage. It was the most powerful one in the northern kingdom and has been never taken by storm.
There are the Museum of Suomenlinna, Ehrensvjard’s Museum, the Museum of toys and dolls, the submarine “Vesikko”, the oldest sailing ship in Finland – “Alma”, the Museum of coast artillery, Customs Museum, the Art Center of Nordic countries, a lot of old fortifications, cafes, restaurants and exhibitions on the territory of this fortress now.
Olympic Stadium in Helsinki
The main sports arena in Finland is the Olympic Stadium in Helsinki. It was built in the style of functionalism and can seat more than 40 000 spectators. The finest times of this stadium were during the Olympic Games in Helsinki in 1952. The recognized symbol of this stadium is the observation 72-meters tower, from which you’ll have a great view of the city.
All comers can visit the Sports Museum in the building of the stadium.
Finnish National Gallery in Helsinki
Finnish National Gallery is a complex of three museums - the Athenaeum, the Kiazma and Sinebruhov’s, which will give pleasure to the true connoisseurs of art’s masterpieces and acquaint them with the best traditional art of Finland.
The Sinebruhov’s Museum of fine arts will please you with the painting of West Europe, the wonderful collections of china and silver, the antique furniture. The museum Atheneum has the collections of Finnish and foreign art of XVIII-XX centuries.
The youngest museum of modern art in Finland – Kiazma (1998) is worthy of special notice. Its originality lies in the ability of combining fine art and high technologies. The building of this museum is in itself a masterpiece, which is created by American architect Steven Hall. Kiazma popularizes the modern art. There is a bookstall, a cafe and a theatre attached to the museum.
Churches in Helsinki
The most famous among more than 60 churches in Helsinki are the Assumption Cathedral (1868) and the Temppelinaykio Church (1969).
The majestic building of the Assumption Cathedral has made of red brick in the Byzantine style. It charms with its golden domes and icons.
The Temppelinaykio Church (otherwise “Snow Church” or “The Church in the rock”) is on the square with the same name. This unique church is carved into the granite rock. The delightful concerts of organ music are often held in the Temppelinaykio Church.
With the help of experienced guides you’ll be able to examine many places of interest in the capital of Finland - Helsinki and its outskirts.
Rest in Helsinki
Shopping in Helsinki
Besides, tourists will hardly pass by the capital's shops, where they’ll find solid, high-quality goods at reasonable prices.