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The geography of Finland

Finland is one of the northern countries. It is situated in the neighborhood with Sweden, Norway and Russia. Finland is washed by Gulfs of Finland and Bothnia of the Baltic Sea on the south and on the west. There are about 180 thousands of small islands along the coastline, the length of which is 1100 km. The total border length of Finland is 2 628 km.

Finland is a member of the European Union and the Schengen Agreement; it isn’t a part of NATO.

Finland is a presidential republic with a parliament in the role of legislature.

Lutheranism dominates in the religious sphere of the country.

Helsinki is the capital of Finland.

The population of Finland

It is the seventh country in Europe (338 000 sq km) by the area, and it is one of the smallest by the number of population (5, 2 millions).
There is the prevalence of male population in the country. In spite of the cultivation of family traditions, the birth rate is low in Finland.

Urban population is 71%, rural sector is 29%.

Language in Finland

About 93, 5 % of the population in Finland speaks Finnish and about 5, 9 % speaks Swedish. Both languages are the state ones. You can also hear Laplander dialects in the northern regions of the country. English and German are used for business communication like in many other countries. You should easily overcome the language barrier, thanks to Finns’ tact and willingness to help.

The administrative divisions of Finland

Finland consists of 6 regions:

- Aland Islands,
- Lapland,
- Oulu,
- Southern Finland,
- Western Finland,
- Eastern Finland.

These regions are divided into the 20 provinces. And those ones, in their turn, are divided into communes, which are the lowest administrative units in Finland.

The economy of Finland

Industry and agriculture are highly developed in Finland. The leading industries are: mechanical engineering (in particular, shipbuilding, the manufacture of equipment for other industries in this region), pulp and paper industry and woodworking, ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy, chemical, textile, clothing and food industries.

Agriculture is based on meat and milk cattle breeding and plant cultivation (forage grasses and cereals - mainly oats and barley).

Climate in Finland

Finland is characterized by maritime climate on the coasts and temperate-continental one inside the country. Because of the proximity to the...

Nature in Finland

Untouched nature is the main sight of Finland. It astonishes with its variety. You’ll admire the unusual beautiful landscapes of sea...